The cinema, known as the seventh art, gained its artistic quality in a universal sense, in the 1940s and 1950s. After these years, cinema entered universities in many countries, festivals were organized about cinema and books and magazines started to be published. According to cinema is an entertainment vehicle and a show before 1950s. The aesthetic level it has had since the silent cinema era has had cellular validity after these years.
As of these years, cinema has started to be rediscovered. Nowadays, nobody can claim that cinema is not art. As it is, the director is also an artist. Cinema emerged in the West, first apprenticeship, then journeyman, then craftsmanship and finally artistry. Cinema, had not yet entered Turkey when journeyman period (1915-1920 / 1925). Although it was invented in the West, those who found cinema at first did not think that cinema could be a means of expression. As can be seen from here, it can be understood that cinema is a means of social and cultural expression.
The Relationship Between Social Life and Cinema
Art is a product of society. The judicial values of the society in which they live reflect the mentality and offer suggestions for the development of this structure. Cinema which is rich with visual and audio elements that can carry social reality to the next generations, even arouses the feeling of one-on one.
Therefore, as long as the cinema reflects the truth as it is, it has a structure that can be a source of social research that can be a document in history. For this reason, cinema is an art that has a strong connection with the society and mirrors the society as in other art branches. In short, it is a reflection of the society in which it comes out of the cinema.
The artist is an individual who has taken place in the society and naturally swallowed the dust of the social structure. The individual acquires his social identity through the social structure and thus becomes a social entity. Since it is not possible to make art independently of value, social traces are also observed in cinema.
There is a strong connection between cinema and society as in other branches of art. Because cinema was born in a society and was naturally affected by the social structure and it also affected that structure. There is no institution or organization that exists within a certain period but is not affected by the general conditions of that period.
Art and works of art cannot fully isolate themselves from the social world, so there is an inseparable relationship between art and the social world of the artist. The artist expresses the society and the social structure in his art.
There is a mutual interaction between art and society. Art can have a positive effect on the society as well as it can have a negative effect, so the artist should know and know the society and its structure well. In short, when we look at the context of society and social relations, it is seen that cinema is never free from culture, value judgments, social ideology and political tendencies.
As Boztepe has already said, the main function of art is to criticize the judiciary values and mentality of the society in which it is lived through its determinations and to offer suggestions for the development of the social mentality.
Such an understanding of art is naturally an understanding that desires human development and maturation. However, there is also a pro-ideological, conservative understanding of art. This understanding takes advantage of aesthetic values such as world view, mentality and judicial values that belong to the dominant ideology, and it imposes the viewer by transforming the thought it offers or by beautifying and shaping it.
- As a result, art has always existed in social life and is a product of society. It is born in society, reflects and reflects the mentality, value judgments of the society.
- Cinema, with its visual and audio aspects, makes the social structure more permanent and easier to visualize.
For this reason, the art of cinema has a great impact on society and the audience. It is very important in reflecting social reality as well. Since cinema is an art branch that is fed by the society, culture, economy and people it belongs to, it will necessarily take place in the economic and sociological developments of a society.