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The majority must agree on Ukraine

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Shortly before 7pm on Tuesday, the Senate approved a resolution on Ukraine in view of the European Council, the institution which includes the heads of state and government of the European Union, which will be held on Thursday 23 and Friday 24 July. . The vote in favor came after days of difficult and broad comparisons between the parties of the majority that support Mario Draghi’s government.

There were 219 votes in favor, 20 against and 22 abstentions. Tomorrow the House will also have to vote on the same resolution, but a similar outcome to that of the Senate is expected. In the end, therefore, the majority remained rather compact, but reconciling all their positions on Ukraine in recent days had not been easy at all.

In fact, in four months of war very different orientations and positions had developed, and the majority had had to negotiate to arrive at a text that would transmit an image of unity at the international level, which would satisfy the will of some parties to dissociate themselves from certain actions of the government and to see a role of parliament recognized, and that it was good for the government and at the same time did not make a fool of any party.

In particular, the discussions had focused on the supply of weapons, and had mainly affected the 5 Star Movement, with the result that there had been many obstacles and delays in the negotiations for a resolution that would make everyone agree. In his opening speech, Draghi avoided talking about weapons, with a general recommendation to continue to involve Parliament in government decisions on Ukraine.

Tuesday’s discussion coincided with a very agitated moment in politics: the 5 Star Movement seems close to a split, another, between the majority loyal to former Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte and a minority, seems to belong to a few dozen parliamentarians , which should follow the Foreign Minister Luigi Di Maio. Everything is connected: Di Maio has become an expression of the more governist and moderate wing of the M5S, while Conte has oriented his leadership towards a return to a greater radicalism of the party, which among other things is expressed in a strong skepticism on supplies. of arms to Ukraine.

The entire M5S actually passed a previous decree law in March that authorized arms shipments until December: since then, however, it has insisted on the need to favor a “de-escalation” of the conflict, arguing that it can be done by stopping sending weapons. . Deep divisions had developed around the issue within the M5S and in the majority, also because other parties were skeptical: for example the League, which in the debate on Tuesday had asked that the weapons sent were only for defensive purposes.

It is around all these problems that the negotiations of the parties in recent days have been articulated, to arrive at the vote of some type of text that would not displease anyone too much.

Various politicians tried to mediate, in particular the Democratic Party and Liberi e Uguali, allies of the M5S and rather worried about the possible split. In this regard, there was talk of an “honorable way out” for the M5S, a resolution that would save face both to Conte and Di Maio.

In his rather brief and generic introductory speech, Draghi reiterated that Italy will ask the Council to assign Ukraine the status of candidate country to join the European Union, as announced a few days ago during a visit to Ukraine. He added that “most of the countries close to Russia, large and small, are now looking to the European Union for security, for peace, for stability. The path from candidate country to member state is long due to the demanding structural reforms required. But the European signal must be clear and courageous right from the start ».

He then said again that a possible peace must also be negotiated by Ukraine, because “only an agreed and not suffered peace can be lasting”. It is an indirect response to those who believe that the West must negotiate a truce with Russia regardless of the opinion of the Ukrainian government.