Public accounts, which and how many resources go to municipalities and local authorities – RB

Public accounts, which and how many resources go to Municipalities and local authorities – RB

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Public accounts, which and how many resources go to municipalities and local authorities – RB

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Public accounts, which and how many resources go to Municipalities and local authorities – RB

Between the Budget Law, Milleproroghe and the conversion of the Pnrr Decree, the Government has allocated and disciplined the use of huge resources which, according to what emerged from the research conducted by the Study Center of Local Entities (Csel) , in 2022 are around 2.6 billion $. These resources are fundamental for the economic framework not only of the 990 but also for the next few years: 2.7 will arrive in the coffers of Italian municipalities billion in 2023, just under 3.3 billion in 2024, 2.8 billion in 2025, 3.4 billion in 2026 And 2027, 3.5 in 2028, 3.6 in 2029 and 3.5 in 2030.

How many of those resources will have to be managed directly by local authorities and for what purpose?

Public works, investments

An important item of the package of measures entrusted to the Italian municipalities, which overall amounts to just under one billion for the 2022, is represented by the public works chapter.

School, resources and commitments of the municipalities

It starts in 2022 with 120 million (between the change in the allocation criteria and the increase in the municipal solidarity fund) to be used to remove territorial imbalances in the provision of the crèche service and gradually increasing figures are committed for the years to come: 175 mln for the 2023, 230 for the 2024, 300 million for the 2025, 450 mln for the year 2026 and 1. 100 mln per year starting from 2027. These sums must be used to increase the number of places in children’s educational services as a percentage, within the limit of the resources available for each year. , up to the achievement of a minimum level that each municipality or territorial basin is required to guarantee.

The municipalities, individually or in association, must ensure the achievement of the essential level of performance through annual service objectives. From this year, the service target by demographic range of the municipality or the territorial basin to which it belongs is set by Decree of the Minister of the Interior, giving priority to the basins disadvantaged territories and taking into account a maximum threshold of 28, 88%, valid until all disadvantaged municipalities have also achieved an equal level of performance. The service objective is progressively increased annually until it is reached, in the 2027 , of the minimum guaranteed level of 33% on a local basis, also through the private service. These money can also be used by the municipalities for to hire the necessary staff for the direct management of educational services for children.

On paper there is also a heavy commitment: 4.3 billion for interventions of extraordinary maintenance, safety measures , new construction, increase in energy efficiency and internal wiring of schools in provinces and metropolitan cities. However, the resources should be materially disbursed between 2024 and 2036.

Environment, resources for climate and mobility

Relevant, also in line with the commitments undertaken with the NRP, the amount of resources, the management of which sees the involvement of the municipalities, which are attributable to the environmental issue. This is 940 millions in 2022 and as many in the 2023, but destined to increase progressively in the following years (990 In the 2024, 1. 040 In the 2025, 1.1 billion in 2026). The bulk is attributable to the Italian Climate Fund, which will finance interventions, including non-repayable funds , in favor of private and public entities to contribute to the achievement of the objectives established in the international agreements on climate and environmental protection to which Italy has joined.

However, it should also be noted the creation of the Fund for the Sustainable Mobility Strategy for the fight against change climate change and the reduction of emissions, with a total budget of 2 billion, of which 50 mln for each of the years from 2023 to the 2026, 150 mln for 2027 And 2028, 200 million for the year 2029, 300 million for the 2030 And 250 mln for each of the years from 2031 to the 2034. The declared objective is to strengthen the existing measures and the adoption of new initiatives on the subject of sustainable mobility and, in particular, the climate, energy and fuel, transport, construction, land use and forestry sectors. The main measures will concern: the renewal of the bus fleet, the cycle paths, the renewal of road transport vehicles and the development of intermodal freight transport.

A contribution has also been made for the metropolitan cities of Genoa, Milan, Naples, Rome and Turin, aimed at promoting the sustainability of urban mobility , including through the extension of the metro and rapid mass transport, including design activities, and the purchase or renewal of rolling stock. The financial envelope envisaged for the expenditure in question is 33 mln for each of the years 2022 And 2023, 100 mln for the 2024, 200 mln for the 2025, 250 mln for 2026, 300 mln for the 2027, 350 mln for the 2028 And 300 mln for each of the years from 2029 to the 2036.

Fund for culture refinanced

Fund for culture refinanced with 20 million $ for each of the years from 2022 to the 2023. This is aimed at promoting investments and interventions for the protection, conservation, restoration, use, enhancement and digitization of tangible and intangible cultural heritage.

Fund for technological innovation and digitization

The endowment of the Fund for technological innovation and digitization has been extended by 5 million for the 2022, 10 mln for the 2023 And 20 for the 2024. The interventions towards which these sums will be addressed must guarantee a strategy of sharing and use of public information assets for institutional purposes, the dissemination of digital identity, of the digital home and electronic signatures and, the creation and provision of online services, access to online services through the enabling platforms (Spid, Cie, AppIO, PagoPA ), and Cyber ​​Security.

Migration flows

In the next 3 years they will also be invested 90 million $ to create 2 thousand new jobs to welcome Afghan asylum seekers into the Reception and Integration System. Coming for the Municipalities of Lampedusa and Linosa, Porto Empedocle, Pozzallo, Caltanissetta, Vizzini, Messina, Siculiana, Augusta, Pantelleria and Trapani, 1.5 million to meet the needs related to the containment of the spread of Covid 19 and ensure the regular management, including of a health nature, of migratory flows.

Gender and equality issues salary

Increased by 17 million $ the Fund for policies relating to rights and equal opportunities 2022. Starting from the following year, an increase of 50 million $ per year of the fund to support the wage parity gender .

Public employment

The Pnrr Decree allocates a total of 100 mln for the five-year period 2022 – 2026 (30 mln per year) for the administrative strengthening of the municipalities in the form of a contribution to cover the burden incurred by the municipalities with a population of less than 5. 000 inhabitants for fixed-term hires by way of derogation useful for strengthening administration of the municipal offices for the implementation of the Plan.

Expected for the year just started 270 millions of $ managed directly by local social authorities, aimed above all at implementing actions aimed at improve the living conditions of people with disabilities (30 mln for the school transport of students non-autonomous disabled, 100 for assistance with autonomy and communication for pupils with disabilities, an increase of 27 mln of the fund for subjects with autism and autism spectrum disorder 50 million of that for the inclusion of people with disabilities). Also enhanced with 15 additional mln, the fund for non self-sufficient people and a new fund for projects for the cohabitation of elderly people , with a budget of 5 million $ for the 2021.

Fund for the development of the Italian mountains

Extraordinary maintenance, safety measures, new construction, energy efficiency increase and internal wiring of schools in provinces and metropolitan cities

Legality and protection of local administrators victims of intimidation

To respond to the constant increase – repeatedly denounced by the Interior Ministry – in the number of intimidating episodes against mayors, councilors and municipal and metropolitan councilors, the financial maneuver established the “Fund for initiatives in favor of legality and for the protection of local administrators victims of intimidation “with an endowment of 5 million $ for each of the years from 2022 to the 2024. Through these resources the municipalities will have to take initiatives for the promotion of legality and measures to restore the heritage of the entity or in favor of local administrators who have suffered episodes of intimidation connected with the exercise of the institutional functions exercised.

Extraordinary maintenance of streets and street furniture

For the 2022, notes the Csel, were placed on the table 100 million $ to finance the extraordinary programs of extraordinary maintenance and functional adaptation and resilience to climate change of the road network under the responsibility of the Regions, Provinces and metropolitan cities. One item the weight is destined to rise in the years to come: 100 million in 2023, 200 In the 2024 And 2025 And 300 from to 2034.

For investments for the extraordinary maintenance of municipal roads, sidewalks and street furniture are provided for 300 million $ (200 this year and 100 the next). Likewise, 300 million $, was allocated to finance investments in urban regeneration projects aimed at reducing phenomena of marginalization and social degradation, as well as the improvement of the quality of urban decor and of the social and environmental fabric.

Increased to 350 million for the year 2021 and to 200 million per each of the years from 2024 to 2031, the financial allocation foreseen for the interventions of safety of the territory at hydrogeological risk and roads and for the safety and efficiency energy of schools , public buildings and municipal heritage.

Additional resources are also provided, with respect to those provided in the first instance, for urban regeneration (500 additional millions in the three-year period 2022-2024) And maintenance for the reuse and eco-sustainable refurbishment of public areas and public building structures, improvement of urban decor and the social and environmental fabric (+ 272 millions);

The funds for collection and purification of water and in emergencies are also part of this package related to disasters. Finally, the sums foreseen to guarantee the continuity of the interventions for the safety of the Bridges and Viaducts existing and the construction of new bridges to replace existing ones with structural safety problems. However, these are commitments made for the future: in fact, we speak of 100 million for the years 2024 And 2025 And 300 million for each of the years from 2026 to 2029.

In collaboration with Adnkronos