Its name in Turkish means cotton castle, and this is what this natural wonder looks like, located an hour by plane from Istanbul, in the Denizli region, in the southwest of the country. 

It’s mean English Translate For Turkish : Cotton – Pamuk and Castle – Kale ; CottonCastle = Pamukkale

A white and spongy mountain of lime located in the middle of a serene and very green valley, that of the Menderes River, whose blue waters, resting on natural terraces of limestone and travertine formed over the centuries, cascade. 

Waters that have healing powers, thanks to their high concentration of minerals. 

The place, together with the ancient Hellenistic city of Hierapolis, is declared a World Heritage Site.



At the top of Pamukkale, 160 meters high, the ancient city of Hierapolis was built , today in ruins.

The appearance of the numerous thermal springs, of waters rich in minerals  creta, quartzites, crystalline marbles…  but also bicarbonate and calcium, is due to tectonic movements in this area that also caused frequent earthquakes.

Pamukkale 3

From the fountains, which were already well known in antiquity and described by the Roman architect Vitruvius, 250 liters of water flow every second.

According to the Greeks of the ancient region of Phrygia, the gods endowed these waters with therapeutic properties.

The Pluto cave of Hierapolis was so named, because it was thought that it was the god of the underworld who caused everyone who entered it to die gassed, when in fact it was due to underground volcanic activity, which leaked carbon dioxide.

The Hierve el Agua waterfall , in the Mexican state of Oaxaca, is, along with Pamukkale, the only waterfall of its kind in the world.

travertine pools Collessium


Visit the travertine pools.

walk through the ruins of Hierapolis, a kind of spa city for the Romans, which is accessed through the Domitian arch. In it we will see baths, churches, an agora and a great amphitheater from the 3rd century.

bath in the Antigua Pool , for which you have to pay a separate entrance. In the rest of the terraces it is free.

 Fly over the area in a balloon.

Pamukkale in Ballon Tour


From Spain to Istanbul by direct flight and then connect with another to Denizli, the closest airport to Pamukkale.

There are two entrances to visit the pools, one to the south, the one closest to the town of Pamukkale, in which you enter the travertine terraces, and the other to the north, which leads to the archaeological remains of Hierapolis.

With Get Your Guide you can book a hot air balloon tour of Pamukkale from $110.

Pamukkale Tour