If there is inflammation near the lower part of the abdomen, this may be appendicitis. This condition is quite common in people between the ages of 10 and 30, but children under 10 and women over 50 may have trouble diagnosing commonly known symptoms. If you have been diagnosed with inflammation of the appendix, you will probably need surgery to remove the appendix, which is considered to be the extension of your small intestine and is a small sac. This is considered an emergency medical condition. That’s why it’s important to learn how to notice the symptoms and get help as soon as possible.
If you have most of the symptoms below, go to the doctor or emergency room immediately.
Fever above 38 ° C
Nausea and vomiting
Diarrhea or constipation
Pain during urination
Pain in the rectum, back or abdomen
Find out the commonly known symptoms of appendicitis. The most common symptom; mild abdominal pain that radiates or changes around the lower right navel, felt near the navel. There are other symptoms that are not very common. If you have some of these, it may be time to go to the doctor or hospital. As soon as you realize that you have these symptoms, you should go to the doctor or hospital. Postponing this process can cause your appendix to explode and endanger your life Symptoms are noticeable within 12-18 hours, but may last for a week and may get worse over time.
Stomach problems – Nausea, diarrhea and constipation (especially if there is constant vomiting accompanying them).
Fever – If fever is 40 ° C or higher, go to the hospital immediately. If it is 38 ° C but you have some of the other symptoms, go to the hospital as soon as possible. Low temperature around 37 ° C is another symptom.
Chills and chills
Inability to extract gas
Difficulty in stool – The feeling that stool will have discomfort
Many of these symptoms are similar to virus-induced gastroenteritis. The only difference is that there is a general pain in gastroenteritis, and the pain has not spread to a specific area.
Be aware of the less common symptoms of appendicitis. In addition to the above symptoms, you can also observe less common symptoms associated with appendicitis. Some of the less common symptoms include:
Pain during urination
Vomiting before abdominal pain begins
Sharp or mild pain in the rectum, back, abdomen or below
If you care about abdominal pain. The appendix is located in the lower right side of the abdomen, usually in a third of the distance between the belly button and the hip bone in most adults. This region may be different in pregnant women. Observe the “path” through which the pain progresses. Sharp pain can pass directly from the navel into the area above the appendix, 12-24 hours after symptoms begin. If you notice such a significant improvement in pain, go to the emergency room straight away.
Symptoms of appendicitis can get worse in adults within 4-48 hours. If you have been diagnosed with appendicitis, this is considered an emergency medical condition.
Press it on your stomach. Consider going to the emergency room if you feel very painful even when you touch it (especially at the bottom, right side). You can also feel tenderness on the underside of your abdomen when you press it.
Is there a sensitivity response, look. If you feel a sharp pain when you press the lower right part of the abdomen and quickly withdraw your hand, this indicates that you have inflammation of the appendix and that you should seek medical attention.
Do you have any stiffness in your stomach? Does your finger sink a little when you press it on your stomach? Or do you have any unusual stiffness in your abdomen? If the latter is present, the appendix may be swollen, which is one of the symptoms of appendicitis.
If there is pain in the abdominal area but you do not have nausea or loss of appetite, this may not be appendicitis. There are many causes of abdominal pain that do not require you to go to the emergency room. If you have more than three days of abdominal pain and are in doubt, see your doctor regularly.
Try to stand up and walk. If you can’t do it because of severe pain, you may have inflammation of the appendix. Even if you need immediate emergency care, you can lie on any side and reduce the pain by taking the fetal position.
See if the pain increases when you make adverse movements or cough.
Remember that symptoms can be different in pregnant women and children. Pain may be felt in different places because the appendix is higher in pregnant women.
Pain in the abdominal region is generally less common in children aged 2 and under 2, but this is accompanied by vomiting and swelling in the navel. Children who are just starting to walk and have appendicitis may experience eating problems, and these children may seem extremely sleepy. They may refuse to eat even their favorite food.
Pain in children over 2 years old is similar to pain in adults. The pain starts from the belly button and proceeds to the lower right part of the navel. When the child is hospitalized, the pain does not decrease, but it may increase as the child moves.
Appendicular eruption in children is accompanied by high fever.
Do not use medication until treatment. If you think you have symptoms of appendicitis, it is important that the situation does not get worse while waiting for treatment in the emergency room.
Things you should avoid doing while waiting to be treated include:
Do not take constipation or pain medication. While constipation medications can irritate the intestines, painkillers can make it difficult to observe the tendency in abdominal pain.
Taking antacids. This can increase pain associated with appendicitis.
Do not use a heating pad, as it can cause the inflamed appendix to burst.
Do not eat or drink until you have an examination. This may create a high risk of breathing during surgery.
Go to the emergency room immediately. If you are very confident that you have appendicitis, go to the hospital as soon as possible instead of making an appointment to a doctor on weekdays. If the appendix bursts without treatment, appendicitis becomes a life-threatening condition.
Take things like clean pajamas and a toothbrush with you. If you have appendicitis, you will need to have surgery and stay overnight in the hospital.
Tell the symptoms you observed in the emergency room. Be prepared for determining the patient priority order and tell the nurse in charge that you suspect appendicitis. You will be lined up in the patient list created according to the urgency of the ailments. So if someone is injured by the emergency room, you may have to wait a bit.
If you have to wait, don’t panic. When you are in the hospital, you are safer than at home. Even if the appendix bursts in the waiting room, they will immediately take you to surgery. Try to be patient and not think about pain.
Be conscious of what is expected of you when being examined. You will need to tell your symptoms again when you see the doctor. If you have observed abnormalities (such as constipation or vomiting) related to your digestive system, try to tell the doctor about this when you first notice the pain. The doctor will examine you to diagnose appendicitis.
Be prepared to be examined manually. The doctor will press it hard under the belly. Meanwhile, he looks for any infections caused by inflammation of the abdominal membrane or an appendix eruption. If you have inflammation of the abdominal membrane, they will contract when pressed against the abdominal muscles. The doctor may also perform a quick rectal exam.
Additional tests may be requested. Laboratory tests and imaging are important in diagnosing appendicitis.
Tests that may be requested include:
Blood test – This test determines the number of white blood cells. The sign of infection can be understood with the help of this test even before low fever is observed. The blood test also reveals whether there is electrolyte imbalance or dehydration. Electrolyte imbalance or dehydration can also cause pain. The doctor may also request a pregnancy test from female patients to consider every possibility.
Urinalysis – Urinalysis shows whether there is a potential urinary tract infection or kidney stones. These can occasionally cause abdominal pain.
Ultrasound – Abdominal ultrasound indicates whether there is an obstruction in the appendix, whether the appendix is bursting, swollen or swollen, or something else causing abdominal pain. Ultrasound is the most reliable imaging method for radiation and is generally the first method used.
MRI – Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) x-ray is not used and internal organs are displayed in more detail. You may feel slightly claustrophobic in the MRI machine.
There is a narrow environment. Most doctors may want to soothe mild medication to help reduce anxiety. It shows the same things as ultrasound, but what appears on the MRI is more detailed.
CT scan – Computed Tomography (CT) scan uses x-ray and computer technology to display images. You will have to drink a solution. If you don’t vomit the solution, you can lie down on the table for a test. It is a very fast procedure, and the claustrophobic feel of the MRI machine does not. In this test, symptoms such as inflammation, appendix burst or obstruction appear, and this screening method is widely used.
Have an appendectomy (appendectomy). The doctor may decide that you have inflammation of the appendix. The only treatment for appendicitis is surgery, called an appendectomy. Most surgeons prefer surgery with laporoscopy. Fewer scars remain in this surgery compared to open surgery.
If the doctor decides that you don’t need surgery, he can send you home to stay “on observation” for 12-24 hours. You should not take antibiotics, pain relievers or constipation during this time. In this case, if you feel worse, you should contact the doctor. Don’t wait until your symptoms go away. You may need to return to the hospital with a urine sample. When you go to the hospital for another examination, you should not eat or drink anything in advance, as this can cause complications during surgery.
Speed up the healing process. Today’s appendix surgeries are minimally invasive, and you can return to normal life without experiencing any complications. Still, this is an operation. So you have to take good care of yourself. Here’s what you need to do to get it back after surgery.
Avoid eating solid foods. Since it is an operation related to your digestive system, wait 24 hours before eating or drinking anything. The doctor or nurse will tell you when to drink small amounts of fluid and when to switch to solid foods. They will say it all separately. Ultimately, you will be able to get a regular diet.
Don’t tire yourself on the first day. Consider this as rest and recovery. Try to do light exercises and movements for the next few days. Your body will begin to heal with the movements you do.
Call the doctor if you have any problems. You should call the doctor in case of pain, vomiting, dizziness, feeling faint, fever, diarrhea, bloody urine or feces, constipation, and discharge or swelling in the surgery area. If you observe symptoms of appendicitis after taking the appendix, you should call the doctor.
People with a special health condition may not experience the normal symptoms of appendicitis and may only experience a general illness or discomfort. Special health conditions include:
Patients with HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)
Cancer and / or chemotherapy patients
Organ transplant patients
Pregnancy (In the third trimester, the risk is at the highest level.)
Infants and young children
There is also a condition called appendicolite. Severe cramps in the abdomen are formed due to the contraction of the appendix. This may be caused by congestion, tumor, scar tissue or foreign matter. Doctors do not accept that the appendix can be “rumbling.” The pain can be seen for a long time and come and go. Diagnosing this condition can be difficult, but ultimately diagnosed as acute appendicitis.