About 4,500 years ago, a man and a woman were buried together in a cemetery in a thriving settlement of one of the world’s oldest civilizations.
It is believed that the couple died at the same time. A: Vasant Shinde
In 2016, archaeologists and scientists found these two “very rare” skeletons in a Harappa (or Indus Valley) city.For two years, the researchers investigated the time of death of these people and the possible causes behind the deaths; and the findings are now published in a peer-reviewed international journal.
What kind of houses were generally found in Harappan cities?
The two biggest cities of Indus valley civilization were Mohenjo Daro and Harappa. People lived in stone houses that were 2-3 stories high and all of them had sewage systems. The system was built with mud bricks and ran under the street. The city of Mohenjo Daro had 3,500 people. (1)
What were the Harappan houses made of?
The structures in the Harappan cities were built of mud bricks, baked bricks and stones. (2)
How was the housing pattern of Harappans?
The main streets of the Harappan cities were built according to the grid pattern. They were built from north to south and from east to west.(3)
Vasant Shinde, who led the study, said, “The man and woman were looking face to face very closely to each other. We believe they are a couple. And they seemed dead at the same time. However, how they died remains a mystery.” says.
Write two main characteristics of houses in the Harappan city. Answer: Generally, houses were either one or two storeys high with a single room built around a courtyard. Most houses had a separate bathing area and some had wells to supply water.
The couple in question was buried in a half-meter-deep sand pit. The male was about 35 when he died, and the female was about 25. Both were relatively tall; the male was 1.77 in height and the female was 1.70. They were probably “fairly healthy” when both died. The tests did not find any lesions, scratches on the bones, or any “abnormal thickness” of the skull bones that could cause injury or disease, such as brain fever.
Archaeologists say that this unique “common tomb” was not the result of any particular funeral rites common at that time. They believe that men and women “died almost at the same time and were therefore buried in the same grave.”
Thousands of years old common tombs have always attracted the attention of people. In a Neolithic tomb in an Italian village, archaeologists found the skeleton of a man and a woman hugging each other. In another common tomb reported from Russia, a couple was holding hands and looking at each other. Nearly 6,000-year-old skeletons in Greece were hugging each other with their legs and arms interlocked.
Everything else the researchers found in the tomb here was unusual for that period: Usually, tombs from the Bronze Age Harappan civilization contain several terracotta vessels and some semi-precious stone bead jewelry.
“The most remarkable thing about the Harappan tombs is that they are not fond of luxury at all. For example, they did not have large tombs like kings in West Asia. says.
In Mesopotamia, for example, kings were buried with precious jewelery and artworks. Interestingly, jewelry made of carnelian, lapis lazuli, and turquoise, possibly exported from Harappa, was found in the graves in Mesopotamia.
In Harappan cities, vessels containing food and some jewelery are often found in tombs. Presumably these people believed in life after death, and these materials were also considered tomb offerings.
“Most of the pottery consisted of lavishly painted vessels and squat, bulging jars,” Joseph said. There was nothing that pointed to royal tombs common in West Asia. ” says.
Archaeologists believe that the “mysterious couple” lived in a settlement spanning more than 1,200 acres that houses tens of thousands of people. Compared to the 2,000 strange Harappa sites ever discovered in India and Pakistan, this settlement is the largest. It is also bigger than the better known city of Mohenjo Daro in Pakistan. Harappan civilization was first discovered in Mohenjo Daro in the 1920s.
The tomb in question is, of course, not the first tomb where archaeologists have discovered double skeletons in a Harappan tomb. In the 1950s, the skeletal remains of a man and a woman stacked on top of each other were found in a sand pit in Lothal, now in Gujarat. There were traces of injuries on the woman’s skull. Some archaeologists made the controversial claim that the grieving woman killed herself after her husband’s death. This of course is a claim that can never be proven.
At Rakhigarhi, archaeologists say that there are 70 graves in the cemetery where they are working, which is barely a kilometer from the settlement, and they excavated 40 of them. But this grave of the “mystery couple” has become the most fascinating of all.