Guillain-Barré syndrome, how it can be recognized and faced – RB
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Guillain-Barré syndrome , how to recognize and deal with – RB
Guillain-Barré syndrome, how it can be recognized and faced – RB We have explained the details of the news, step by step, below. Guillain-Barré syndrome, how it can be recognized and faced – RB Keep reading our news. Here are all the details on the subject.
Guillain-Barré syndrome, how to recognize and deal with – RB
Sometimes an infection, perhaps trivial, follows, such as that from viruses that affect the intestine or strains that are part of the Herpes family, such as the infectious mononucleosis virus. In other cases it can occur following surgery, in still others it does not have a precise origin, even if the mechanism that causes it appears to be autoimmune.
At a certain point, due to unclear events, the body develops a sort of unjustified “attack” on the structures of the nervous system, with consequent loss of myelin (the tissue that somehow favors the correct passage of the nervous signal) or difficulty in functioning of the axons, the conductors of impulses. The result is that an acute inflammation of the nerves is established which tends to progress but then self-limits, with muscles that tend to be weaker and flaccid and with the onset of paraesthesia and possible loss of sensation.
Normally lasts a few weeks
Even if we always talk about Guillain-Barré syndrome, the clinical pictures that characterize this condition can be different for involvement of the affected areas and by gravity. So let’s try to understand what happens in general terms. Initially there is a feeling of weakness which affects the legs first, and then also moves to the arms, but there are cases in which the problems start from the upper limbs and the head.
Sensory disorders, such as paraesthesia, are also generally present. This path leads over time, we are talking about a few weeks, to have heavy repercussions on the activity of the muscles that become less and less effective in responding to stimuli.
This can also have implications that, in the most serious forms of the pathological picture, can also have repercussions on the possibility of eating, with recourse to artificial feeding systems, and even on the possibility of breathing, with the need to use mechanical ventilation tools. Finally, there are very rare particularly serious cases in which there are also problems with blood pressure, heart with the appearance of arrhythmias, and difficulty in urinating and moving the intestine regularly.
How to deal with it
Diagnosis and treatment are obviously the responsibility of specialist doctors, or n$logists, who have the opportunity to arrive at the diagnosis, perhaps even with the help of checks that can clarify the picture. These are very complex tests , to be performed in a hospital setting, such as checks to understand how the transmission and conduction of the nerve signal or how the muscles contract, through electromyography. In addition, the analysis of the cerebrospinal fluid is carried out: it is the classic examination of the liquor that is done with a puncture at the level of the spine, in order to examine particular alterations present in some patients.
In the meantime, we operate in a therapeutic key with drugs that are administered in dedicated structures and whose effect, as well as the clinical situation, must be constantly monitored. These are very specific treatments, to be assessed on a case-by-case basis based on the severity of the situation. In general, more or less seven out of ten people overcome what happened after a few months, but there are patients in whom the inflammatory picture spread to the nerves tends to persist over time as well as patients who need to continue to combat muscle weakness with cycles of rehabilitation and with suitable tools to help the function of the muscles themselves.