Climate change could trigger the spread of potentially fatal mosquito-borne diseases such as dengue fever to parts of Africa that are currently unaffected, study shows.
Climate change could trigger the spread of mosquito-born diseases around Africa and beyond, study suggests.
Climate change could trigger the spread of mosquito-born diseases.
Mosquito-borne diseases or mosquito-borne illnesses are diseases caused by bacteria, viruses or parasites transmitted by mosquitoes. Nearly 700 million people get a mosquito-borne illness each year resulting in over one million deaths.
Diseases transmitted by mosquitoes include malaria, dengue, West Nile virus, chikungunya, yellow fever, filariasis, tularemia, dirofilariasis, Japanese encephalitis, Saint Louis encephalitis, Western equine encephalitis, Eastern equine encephalitis, Venezuelan equine encephalitis, Ross River fever, Barmah Forest fever, La Crosse encephalitis, and Zika fever, as well as newly detected Keystone virus and Rift Valley fever. There is no evidence as of April 2020 that COVID-19 can be transmitted by mosquitoes, and it is extremely unlikely this could occur. Also HIV/AIDS is not transmittable through mosquito contact, despite being caused by a virus that can be transmitted through blood.