The set of all entities and agencies that make up the state is known as public administration . However, there is no single public administration in the strict sense, but there are many entities that constitute it. For this reason, the term is used in the plural and the acronyms are also used in their plural form AAPP or Public Administrations because there are a whole series of autonomous entities with their own legal personality
Structure of the Public Administrations
Although each country has its own structure depending on its tradition, it is possible to speak of a general structure in most nations.
As a general criterion, public administrations are linked to the executive power of the state and its purpose is to manage the interests that affect the citizens of a nation . In managing these interests, the Public Administrations are governed by what is established in the legal framework and have the objective of defending the interests of the community.
There are normally several levels of Public Administrations. First of all, there is the state administration, which refers to the entities that represent the whole of a nation and which has several sublevels: the central administration (for example, the government of a country and its hierarchical structure), the peripheral administration , which is the one that refers to the different territories of a nation (for example, the delegates of a government in each region), the consultative administration that is in charge of advising the different state organisms and, finally, the supervisory administration which focuses on the financial control of the state itself.
At a different level, there is an autonomous and local structure that, in general, has a similar organization to the state but on a smaller scale.
The idea of public administration is already at the origin of ancient civilizations
The Public Administrations represent an organizational level that makes it possible to relate the different state organizations with the whole of society. In this sense, in Ancient Egypt there was already an administrative structure that dealt with the management of the interests of society.
Those who gave a definitive boost to the administration were the Romans, who implemented a highly complex organizational model (the aediles were public officials who managed the municipalities, the praetors were dedicated to issues related to justice and the quaestors managed taxes and Public finances).
The current idea of AAPP dates back to the period of the French Revolution of 1789 when the state imposed on itself submission to the law and granted citizens certain rights that protect them from the administration.